Costa Rican rainforests are the pride of this tiny country in Central America since it comprises at least 20 to 25% of its national territory. Its natural abundance of plants and animal species made its territory famously known as one of the World’s most bio-diverse regions. Its incredible abundance of flora and fauna which exists in its rainforests makes a very interesting destination for zealous nature lovers, ecologists and conservationists. Its Rainforest and eco-tourism are a vital source of income in Costa Rica.
The rainforest in Costa Rica is the habitat of more than 10,000 plant species, some 850 bird species, 1200 butterfly species, 230 species of mammals and about 440 species of amphibians and reptiles. These worldly famous animal and plant species are protected by its tropical rain forests and national reserves. These forests, in turn, are also protected by means of conservation organizations funded by the government mainly for the sole purpose of preserving and protecting at least a portion of the forests with higher biodiversity. One example is the 40 mile strip of protected forest through nine ecological zones. For this reason, 23% of the rainforests in Costa Rica are considered protected.
The cloud forests, dry forests and tropical rain forests are considered most impressive areas of Costa Rican rain forests. The famous cloud forests are said to rely on mountain-tops namely the ones in Monteverde. The Santa Rosa National Park is an example of a tropical rain forest. In these types of forests, rainfall is highly seasonal mostly during May to November. The dry rain forests are considered the most common while cloud forests are considered remarkable and beautiful as it covers the slopes of mountains and volcanoes. We can appreciate Costa Rica rain forest more profoundly once we travel to this magnificent destination.
The country’s abundance in fauna or its species of animals is another reason why Costa Rica nature is considered one of the most widely admired locations in the world. I’ve written in my previous articles that Costa Rica is considered a paradise for those who just love the outdoors. Bird watching is a favorite among tourists and you’ll be able to see that its mountains help in giving shelter to its bird species. Famous bird species include the resplendent quetzal and Scarlet Macaw that usually leave watchers fascinated by its beauty. The best territories for bird watching would have to be Monteverde, Talamanca, Osa Peninsula and Braulio Carillo where rain forest vacations are usually spent by most travelers and bird watchers.
Ant Swarms or these so-called army ants are prevalent in Costa Rican rain forest as well. Some birds act as predators and eat these ant swarms and the insects that they feed on. The tanagers, wrens, antibirds, and manakins are examples of birds who pick on Ant Swarms.
Costa Rica parks are another source that generates income for the country. Millions of tourists each year visit the country’s famous national parks namely the Arenal Volcano National Park, Manuel Antonio National Park, Braulio Carrillo National Park, Guanacaste National Park, Tortuguero National Park and so much more. Currently, there 26 beautiful National Parks located in Costa. I can’t wait to travel to these parts and experience Costa Rica’s magic first hand.